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Dr. Nor Rizuan Mat Noor

B.Eng. (USM), M.Sc. (USM), Ph.D (University of Leicester)
Tel: 045996077
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Digital Image Processing, Embedded System

Research Interest

Data Handling in Satellite System, Hyperspectral Image Compression, Medical Image Processing

Dr. Nur Zatil ‘Ismah Hashim

Ph.D in Electronics and Electrical Engineering
University of Southampton, United Kingdom

Meng. in Microelectronics
University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Tel    : +604  599 6034
Email    : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Research Interest

High resistivity silicon for GHz and THz technology
Microfabrication of semiconductor devices

Selected Publications

1. Suppression of parasitic surface conduction in Au-compensated high resistivity silicon for 40-GHz RF-MMIC application, N Z I Hashim, A Abuelgasim, C H De Groot, Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC) 2014,   Sendai JAPAN (Conference Proceeding)

2. Low loss 67-GHz coplanar waveguides and spiral inductors on 100 kΩ-cm gold-doped high resistivity Cz-silicon, A Abuelgasim, N Hashim, H M C Chong, P Ashburn, C H de Groot, 14th Topical Meeting on Silicon for RF Application (SiRF) 2014, California USA (Conference Proceeding)

3. Analytical and numerical model of spiral inductors on high resistivity silicon substrates, K Mallik, A Abuelgasim, N Hashim, P Ashburn, C H De Groot, Solid State Electronics, Volume 93, pp 43-48, 2014 (Journal Article)

4. Coplanar waveguides on gold-doped high resistivity silicon for 67-GHz microwave application, N Z I Hashim, A Abuelgasim, C H de Groot, Radio Frequency and Microwave Conference (RFM) 2013, Penang MALAYSIA (Conference Proceeding)



Assc. Prof. Dr. Zaini Abdul Halim

B.Eng(Hons), M.Sc., Ph.D (USM)
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Tel : 04 -599 6061




System Design

Research Interest

Digital System Design and Embedded System Design

Selected Publications

1. Yee Ming Chung, Zaini Abdul Halim, 2014, Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System as cache Memory replacement Policy, Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, Volume 14, 15-24.

2. Earn Tzeh Tan, Zaini Abdul Halim, 2014, Hardware Implementation of Artificial Neural Network on FPGA for the Application of Sulphate Reducing Bacteria Detection, Wulfenia Journal, Vol 21, 139-164

3. U.Devi Chandaran, Z.Abdul Halim, E.T.Tzeh, I.Darah, A.R.Rashidah, N.Mohamad, 2012, Electronic based Detection Kit to Detect Sulfate Reducing Bacteria, Wulfenia Journal, pp 118-141

4. Norasyikin Fadilah, Junita Mohamad Saleh, Zaini Abdul Halim, Haidi Ibrahim, Syed Salim Syed Ali, 2012, Intelligent Color Vision System for Ripeness Classification of Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunch, Sensors, pp 14179-14179

5. Earn Tzeh Tan, Zaini Abdul Halim, Darah Ibrahim, Rashidah Abdul Rahim, Junita Mohamad Saleh, Umadevi Chandaran, 2012, Artificial Neural Network based electronic Nose for the Detection of Sulphate reducing bacteria, Sensors & Transducer Journal, pp 50-59

6. Earn Tzeh Tan, Zaini Abdul Halim, 2015, A novel Approach to detect Sulphate Reducing Bacteria – Main Contributor of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion, American Association for Science and Technology, Vol 1, Issue 4, 120-124

7. Earn Tzeh Tan, Zaini Abdul Halim, 2012, Development of an Artificial Neural Network System for Sulphate reducing Bacteria Detection by Using Model Based Design Technique, IEEE, pp 352-355

8. Pheng Zhi Heng, Zaini Abdul Halim, Junita Mohamad saleh, Haidi Ibrahim, 2013, Oil Palm Fruit Ripeness Detection Kit for harvesting Decison , ELEKTROPIKA; Int. J. Of Electrical, Electronic Engineering and Technology, Vol 3, 41-56


1.  The Development of Electronic Nose to Determine the Present Sulphat Reducing Bacteria in Water System, USM (RU), RM 42,300.00, Sept 2009 – Feb 2012

2.  Electronic Kit for sulphate reducing bacteria, Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, RM150,800, Nov 2011-Oct 2013

3.  Fruit Ripeness Optical Detector, Felda Agricultural Services Sdn. Bhd, RM 135,000.00, Dec 2010 – Dec 2013

4.  Study on Current Enchancment in Microbial Fuel Cell using Sulphat Reducing Bacteria, Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, RM 84,540.00,June 2012 –             May 2014

5.  Study on optimization of power consumption in heater design on flexible circuits, CREST, RM 298900 Mac 2013-Feb 2015, QDOS Technology Sdn Bhd

Dr.Mohamad Adzhar Md Zawawi

Ph.D in Electronic Engineering (Microelectronic and Nanostructures)
University of Manchester, United Kingdom

M.Sc in Electronic Systems Design Engineering (ESDE)
Universiti Sains Malaysia

B.Eng (Hons) in Electronic Engineering
University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Tel: +604 599 6052
Fax: +604-594 1023

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



1.    III-V Compound Semiconductor Device Fabrication
2.    Modeling and Simulation of Transistors and Tunneling Diodes
3.    Sub-Thz & Thz MMIC Oscillator Based on Resonant Tunneling Diodes

Research Interest

1.    IC Design
2.    Quantum Devices
3.    Terahertz Electronics
4.    Millimeter and Sub-millimeter Waves Electronics
5.    III-V Compound Semiconductors
6.    Micro and Nanoelectronics Fabrication

Selected Publications

1.    Roberts, J, Bagci, IE, Zawawi, MAM, Sexton, J, Hulbert, N, Noori, Y, Woodhead, C, Missous, M, Migliorato, MA, Roedig, U & Young, R 2015, 'Atomic-scale authentication with Resonant Tunnelling Diodes' MSS-17/EP2DS-21, Sendai, Japan, 26/07/15 - 31/07/15,

2.    Roberts, J., Bagci, I. E., Zawawi, M. A. M., Sexton, J., Hulbert, N., Noori, Y. J., Young, M. P., Woodhead, C. S., Missous, M., Migliorato, M. A., Roedig, U. & Young, R. J., 'Atomic-scale authentication with Resonant Tunnelling Diodes', 23/02/2015 In : arxiv.org.

3.    M.A. Md Zawawi, KaWa Ian, J. Sexton and M. Missous, “Fabrication of Sub-micrometer InGaAs/AlAs Resonant Tunneling Diode Using a Tri-layer Soft Reflow Technique with Excellent Scalability”, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. 2014;61(7):2338-2342.

4.    Ka Wa Ian, Mohamad Adzhar Md Zawawi and Mohamed Missous, “Thermally stable In0.7Ga0.3As/In0.52Al0.48As pHEMTs using thermally evaporated palladium gate metallization”, Semiconductor Science and Technology. 2014;29(3).

5.    W. M. Jubadi, M. A. Zawawi and M. Missous, “Simulative Study on Physical Modelling of Submicrometer Highly-strained In0.8Ga0.2As/AlAs Resonant Tunneling Diode”, 10th International Conference on Advanced Semiconductor Devices and Microsystems, ASDAM 2014, Smolenice, Slovakia, 20 -  22 October 2014.

6.    M. A. Md Zawawi and M. Missous, “Dependencies of Peak Current Density on Barrier and Spacer Thickness in InGaAs/AlAs Resonant Tunneling Diode”, UK Semiconductor 2014 Conference (poster), Sheffield, 9-10 July 2014.

7.    M. A. Md Zawawi, J. Sexton and M. Missous, “Novel Submicrometer InGaAs/AlAs RTD Fabrication Using Soft Reflow Technique with Excellent Scalability”, 22nd European Workshop on Heterostructure Technology (HETECH2013), Glasgow, 9-11 September 2013.

8.    M. A. Md Zawawi, J. Sexton and M. Missous, “Novel Fabrication of THz Sub-micrometer Resonant Tunneling Diode Using Reflow Technique”, UK Semiconductor 2013 Conference, Sheffield, 3-4 July 2013.

9.    W. M. Jubadi, M. A. Md Zawawi and M. Missous, “Modelling for Advanced Double Barrier InGaAs/AlAs Resonant Tunnelling Diodes”, UK Semiconductor 2013 Conference, Sheffield, 3-4 July 2013.

10.    M. A. Md Zawawi, J. Sexton and M. Missous, “Advanced InGaAs/AlAs RTD with High Current Density Incorporating Multi-bridge (air-bridge) Emitter Design”, UK Semiconductor 2012 Conference, Sheffield, 4-5 July 2012.

11.    M. A. Md Zawawi, J. Sexton and M. Missous, “Advanced InGaAs/AlAs RTD with High Current Density Incorporating Multi-bridge Emitter Design”, Postgraduate Poster Conference and Industrial Advisory Group Meeting, Manchester, 22 November 2012.

12.    M.A. Md Zawawi, D. Ishak, S. Taib, (2010) “Development of a Low Cost Power Electronic Converter for 200W 3-Phase Brushless DC Motor in AUV System”. The 3rd International Conference on Underwater System Technology: Theory and Applications 2010 (USYS 2010), November 1-2, Cyberjaya, Malaysia.

13.    D. Ishak, S. Taib, S. Masri, M.K. Mohd Jamil, A. Zawawi, K.Y. Koo, (2010) "Speed Control of Integrated Inverter with Single PWM for PM Brushless Motor Drive". The Asia-Pacific Symposium on Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics (APSAEM 2010), July 28-30, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


Professor. Ir. Dr. Mohd Rizal bin Arshad

Mohd Rizal Arshad graduated from the University of Liverpool, in 1994 with a B.Eng. in the field of Medical Electronics and Instrumentation. He then pursued his MSc. in Electronic Control Engineering at the University of Salford, graduating in Dec. 1995. Following from this, in early 1996, he continued his study with a PhD degree in Electronic Engineering, with specialization in robotic vision system. After completing his PhD training, i.e. January 1999, he started working at the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia as a full-time academic. He has supervised many postgraduate students at the MSc. and PhD. levels. He has also published actively in local and international publications. He is currently a Full Professor and the Dean of the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, USM. He is also an Adjunct Professor at Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT) for a period of two years (2016/2018). In 2011, he was awarded with the Chartered Engineer (C.Eng) status from the Engineering Council UK. While, in early 2016 he was elevated to the Fellow Member status with IMarEST – a professional society based in the UK. He is currently the President of the Malaysian Society for Automatic Control Engineers (MACE) and Chair of the Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) Malaysia Chapter. In early 2017, he was awarded with the Professional Engineer (P.Eng) status by the Board of Engineer, Malaysia (BEM). Prof Rizal is well known as the pioneer of underwater system technology research efforts in Malaysia. His research projects are mainly in the area of underwater robotic platform development, new sensing device and mechanisms, and intelligent control algorithms. Prof Rizal is very interested in investigating the fusion of the natural world with the modern engineering pool of knowledge. The multi-disciplinary nature of the research scope is reflected in the groups’ researchers whom came from different technical background. His research group website is available at http://urrg.eng.usm.my/

SMIEEE, FIMarEST, C.Eng, C.Mar.Eng

B.Eng(Liverpool), M.Sc(Salford), Ph.D(Liverpool)
Tel : 045996000 / 6001 / 6074 (Research Lab)
Fax: +604 5996909
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
For more information, please click: http://urrg.eng.usm.my

dr rizal


Robotics and Industrial Automations, Measurement and Instrumentation Techniques, Biomedical Electronics and Medical Imaging, Underwater Robotics Technology

Research Interest

National Level:

1. Exploratory Research Grant Scheme (ERGS)“Investigation of The Effectiveness of

The Discontinues Backstepping Method for Stabilizing an Under actuated Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)” Ahli Projek : 1st June 2013 until 31st May 2015

2. RUI Development Of An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) For Shallow Water

Inspection And Monitoring With Novel Acoustic Tracking System Ketua Projek: Prof.

Dr. Mohd Rizal Arshad [RM 158,500.00]

3. ScienceFund Development of a Robust and Sustainable Malaysian Integrated Ocean

Observation System (MIOOS) Ketua Projek; (2012-2014) [RM 450,980.00]

4. Prototype Research Grant Scheme (PRGS-KPT) Prototype Development of a Station-

Keeping Micro AUV System for Inspection and Monitoring Application in the Oil and Gas Industry Ketua Projek; (2011-2013) [RM 350,000.00]

5. Exploratory Research Grant Scheme (ERGS) Fault Localisation for an In-Pipe Culvert

Inspection Robot using Visual Odometry Ketua Projek; (2011-2013) [RM 103,000.00]

6. Exploratory Research Grant Scheme (ERGS)esign and Development of Artificial Squid

Mantle using Electroactive Polymer Ahli Projek; (2011-2013) [RM 81, 000.00]

7. Exploratory Research Grant Scheme (ERGS) Homeostatic-Inspired Architecture

Design and Controller Algorithm for Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)

Navigation Ketua Projek; (2011-2013) [RM 192, 875.00]

8. Fundamental Research Grant Scheme Characterization and Classification of Jellyfish

Blooms Proliferation in Malaysian Coastal Zones Using Novel Acoustic-Based Method Ketua Projek; (2011-2013) [RM 164, 000.00]

9. Fundamental Research Grant Scheme Modelling of Human Perceptual Mapping: A Fuzzy Information Theoretic Approach Ahli Projek; (2011-2013) [RM 116,000.00]

10. Fundamental Research Grant SchemeInvestigation Into the Viability of a Inspired

Controller System for Autonomous Robotics Application Ketua Projek; (2007-2011) [RM 60,000.00]

11. Agensi Luar (NOD-MOSTI)Design and Development of Intelligent Hybrid Underwater

Vehicle for Inspection and Monitoring Application

Ketua Projek; (2007-2011) [RM 4,292,200.00]

12. Fundamental Research Grant Scheme A Study of Direct Adaptive Control Algorithms,

A Performance Investigation on a Manipulator Ahli Projek; (2007-2010) [RM60,000.00]

13. Fundamental Research Grant Scheme Feasibility Study on the Effectiveness of

Conditional Density Propagation (CONDENSATION) Algorithm for Real – Time Vision-Based Non-Rigif Object Tracking Ahli Projek; (2007-2010) [RM 60,000.00] Agensi Luar (Agilent Technologies Foundation) ZERO-P and EXCELL Programs [Gift ID: 07Q3-140FD] Ahli Projek; (2008-2009) [RM 16,500.00]

14. ScienceFund An Intelligent Sensor-Based Micro-Robotic Manipulator for a Tele-

Operated Neurosurgical Application Ketua Projek; (2007-2009) [RM 244,534.00]

15. ScienceFund Optimised Image Analysis and Neural Network Techniques for Cancer

Detection Ahli Projek; (2006-2009) [RM 134,995.00]ScienceFund Development of Semiconductor Based Photocatalytic Gas Sensor for Detection of Hazardous Volatile

Organic Compounds (Vocs) Ahli Projek; (2006-2009) [RM 245,515.00]

16. Fundamental Research Grant Scheme Characterization of Raw Pipe Using Electrical,

Optical, Thermal and Ultrasonic Techniques Ahli Projek; (2006-2009) [RM 0,000.00]

17. IRPA RM8 Design of Non-Satellites (Very small<10kg. Simple and Low-Cost atellites) for Remote Sensing Experiments Ahli Projek; (2002-2006) [RM 90,000.00]

18. IRPA EA Development of Multi Use Fire Detector Ahli Projek; (2002-2005) [RM


19. IRPA EAThe Design and Development of a Medical Image Diagnostic Analysis

System, Incorporating Image Processing and Reconstruction Methods for Breast

Diseases Ahli Projek; (2002-2005) [RM 227,000.00]

University Level:

1. RUI (Individual) To Develop a New Biological Inspired Matheuristic Algorithm: The Fly Optimization Algorithm Ahli Projek; (2009-2011) [RM 95,000.00]

2. USM Jangka Pendek Multivariable Frequency Sampling Filters: An Improved Model

Structure for Multi-Input Multi-Output Step Response Identification Ahli Projek; (2009-2011) [RM 35,074.00]

3. USM Jangka Pendek Design and Simulation of MEMS Acoustic Sensor for Underwater Application Ahli Projek; (2010-2012) [RM 37, 300.00]

4. RUI (Individual) Restoration, Conservation and Management of Tasik Temenggor Based on Sustainable Development Ahli Projek; (2009-2012) [RM 93, 500.00]

5. RUI (Individual) Limnological Study on Temenggor Lake with Special Reference to

Dark Zone Ahli Projek; (2011-2013) [RM 190,040,00]

6. USM Jangka Pendek Rekabentuk dan Pembangunan Sistem Kawalan untuk Sistem Robotik Biomemetiks Ketua Projek; (2005-2007) [RM 9,282.00]

7. USM Jangka Pendek Sistem Pemacu Robot Bergerak untuk Aplikasi Mesin Ketua Projek; (1999-2001) [RM 14,389.00]

8. USM Jangka Pendek: Development of an Intelligent Stereo Robotic Vision System

Based on Neuro-Fuzzy System Ahli Projek; (2001-2002) [RM 15,022.00]

Selected Publications

1.    Song, Y.S. and Arshad, M.R, “Underwater Pole Inspection Using Two Micro AUVs”. Jurnal Teknologi, 74(9), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2015.

2.    Song, Y.S. and Arshad, M.R, “Passive Hydrostatic Stability Design of a Box-shaped Autonomous Underwater Vehicle”. Procedia Computer Science, 76, pp.180-185, 2015.

3.    Song, Y.S. and Arshad, M.R., “Sliding Mode Depth Control of a Hovering Autonomous Underwater Vehicle”. In Control System, Computing and Engineering (ICCSCE), 2015 IEEE International Conference, 2015.

4.    M. F. Yahya and M. R. Arshad, "Tracking of Multiple Light Sources Using Computer Vision for Underwater Docking," Procedia Computer Science, vol. 76, pp. 192-197, 2015.

5.    M. F. Yahya and M. R. Arshad, " Tracking of Multiple Markers Based on Color for Visual Servo Control in Underwater Docking," 5th IEEE International Conference on Control System, Computing and Engineering (ICCSCE2015), 2015.

6.    Majid M.H.A, Arshad M.R, “Hydrodynamic Effect on V-Shape Pattern Formation of Swarm Autonomous Surface Vehicles (ASVs)”. Procedia     Computer Science, 76:186-191, 2015.
7.    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.12.338

8.    Majid M.H.A, Arshad M.R, “A Fuzzy Self-Adaptive PID Tracking Control of Autonomous Surface Vehicle”  5th IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONTROL SYSTEM, COMPUTING AND ENGINEERING (ICCSCE 2015)

9.    Mei Jian Hong, M.R. Arshad, A Balance-Artificial Potential Field Method for Autonomous Surface Vessel Navigation in Unstructured Riverine Environment, Procedia Computer Science, Volume 76, pp 198-202, ISSN 1877-0509, 2015.

10.    Hong M J, Arshad M R. Modeling AND Motion Control of A Riverine Autonomous Surface Vehicle (ASV) With Differential Thrust[J]. Jurnal Teknologi, 74(9), pp 137-143, 2015.

11.    Herdawatie Abdul Kadir and M. R. Arshad, Data Association of RF-VSLAM for Ocean bservation using Blimp, Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering), 74:9 (2015) 9–15. Scopus

12.    Din, A.S, Kadir,  H.A, Arshad, M.A and Hariri, M.H.M, Malaysian Integrated Ocean Observation System (MIOOS) buoy, Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering), 74(9) (2015) 41–49.Scopus

13.    Herdawatie Abdul Kadir, M. R. Arshad, Hamed Habibi Aghdam, Munir Zaman,  Monocular Visual Odometry for In-Pipe Inspection Robot, Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering), 74:9 (2015) 35–40. Scopus.

14.    Herdawatie Abdul Kadir, Mohd Helmy Abdul Wahab, M. R. Arshad, Husaini A.B, Numerical investigation for Cooperative Multi Blimp system,  ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Science (Scopus), 2015.

15.    Herdawatie Abdul Kadir, M.R. Arshad, Chapter Number: 22: A Framework for RF–Visual SLAM for Cooperative Multi-agent system, Handbook of Research on Advancements in Robotics and Mechatronics. IGI Global, 2015. 697-727.

16.    Herdawatie Abdul Kadir, M. R. Arshad , Cooperative Multi Agent System for Ocean Observation System based on Consensus Algorithm, IEEE International Symposium on Robotics and Intelligent Sensors (IRIS 2015), 18-20 Oct. 2015, Langkawi, Malaysia, vol 76, pp 203-208.

17.    M.R Arshad, Herdawatie Abdul Kadir, Mohd Helmi Abd Majid,  Ocean observation using Network ODAS Buoy , IEM Bulletin ,JURUTERA, September 2015, pp. 17-24.

18.    Mohamad Faizal Abd Rahman, Mohd Norzaidi Mat Nawi, Asrulnizam Abd Manaf, Mohd Rizal Arshad, Characterization of microfluidic-based acoustic sensor for immersion application, IEEE SENSORS, Vol 15, No 3, Mac 2015, pp. 1559-1565.

19.    Mohd Norzaidi Mat Nawi, Asrulnizam Abd Manaf, Mohamad Faizal Abd Rahman, Mohd Rizal Arshad, Othman Sidek, One-sided-electrode-type fluidic-based capacitive pressure sensor, IEEE SENSORS, Vol 15, No 3, Mac 2015, pp. 1738-1746.

20.    M. F. A Rahman ; K. A. Ahmad ; A. A Manaf ; M. R. Arshad, A novel sensing technique based on capacitive response of microfluidic-based acoustic sensor (µBAS) for underwater acoustic communication, 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST15), 8-10 Dec. 2015, 581 – 585, Auckland

Professional Contributions

1. Co-opted Member for Marine Engineering & Naval Architect Technical Division

(MNATD)- The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM) – Sessions 2011/2012/2013/2014/2015/2016/2017.

2. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) – (Senior Member)

3. Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology (IMarEST as CEng & C.MarEng) – 2011

4. Fellow of IMarEST (2015) – FIMarEST.

5. Member of Society for Underwater Technology (SUT)- 2013

6. Committee for ROVISP’09 (7th International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Signal Processing & Power Applications)

7. USYS’2012 Committee- 4th International Conference on Underwater System Technology: Theory and Applications)


9. Ultrasonics Society of India (Life Fellow)- 2012

10. Secretarariat for National Underwater Research Network (NURN), Malaysia since 2008.

11. Society for Underwater Technology (SUT: Member – since July 2005)

12. Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM: registered in 2000)

13. Institute of Engineers Malaysia (IEM: Graduate Member – since 2001)

14. Society for Photo-Optical Engineers (SPIE: Student Member – since 1997 until 2002)

15. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE: Senior Member – since 2008)

16. President of Malaysian Society for Automatic Control Engineers (MACE) 2016/2018

17. Chair for IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society (OES) Malaysia for Session 2015/2016.


Professor. Dr Widad bt. Ismail

B.Eng(Hudd), Ph.D(Birm.)
Tel : 04599606050
Email : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Homepage : http://ee.eng.usm.my/eeacad/widad



Antennas, RF and Microwave Engineering, Communications